TURKISH BEAT, PSYCH, CROSSOVER, FUSION & PROGRESSIVE MUSIC
IMPORTANT LINKS
AS INTRODUCTIONS TO ANADOLU POP / ROCK (1956-1979) :

Due to the lack or very limited maintenance of other linked websites on the net I decided to include more text files of the content of interesting websites together with the original links as long as they exist. It really is disappointing how long some webpages survive. Updating links to other sites all the time is almost a hopeless work to maintain. This new method will make these pages to function most optimal as I can.

ALTIN MIKROFON :

Altin Mikrofon pages with links and information you can find at the various pages about Altin Mikrofon
This contest was most important for leading to important recordings of Anadolu Pop.


HISTORY OF TURKISH MUSIC IN WEBSITES :

* Early musical relations between European an Turkish music : http://www.turkishairlines.com/skylife/en/2000_2/konu9.htm (now also linked as txt file)
* English short overview in short of (mostly folk) music in Turkey at
http://www.latifbolat.com/turkmuzik.html (now also linked as txt file)
* Turkish Music Government overview in English (several pages) at http://www.mfa.gov.tr/grupc/cj/cja/cjab/default.htm with intro, -trad music-, -pop music-, History of folk music, -History of classical music-

* Turkish article with introduction about Turkish Rock Turk rock part 1
http://www.studyoimge.com/kontrolkulesi/05-04-02.asp (here as text- file)
* American view on Turkish rock history at http://www.bilkent.edu.tr/~jast/Number1/Endres.html or here as txt
  More about Turkish rock you can find on my own pages (linked at the bottom of this page)
  Considered as being important rock musicians are Cem Karaca and Erkin Koray.

* Turkish electronic music at http://www.angelfire.com/mt/articles/electric.html  & at
  http://pankitap.com/kitaplar/elektronikmuzik.html

* A Turkish Jazz page (also in English) at http://www.acd.org.tr/index-e.html
  Jazz in Istanbul at http://www.mikezwerin.com/news/fullstory.php/aid/60
* Article about Turkish Jazz : http://www.pozitif-ist.com/tr/titresimler/downbeat_03_2002.htm (or linked as txt )    Turkish Fusion you can find mostly at my pages of Turkey 1990-now. Most important name is Okay Temiz.
  I have a separate webpage about him, with interview (providing information about the jazz scenes).
  (link at the bottom of this page)

If you know more articles, please E-mail me.


OTHER ANADOLU POP/ROCK WEB SITES :

Some soundfiles of available cd's of most important names : http://www.cdrehberi.com/rehber/turler/anadolu-rock.html (for other names : use search button)
Turkish websites at http://organon.tripod.com/ (lots of pages  in preparation), http://www.geocities.com/anadolu_rock_1968/ and http://anadolurock.cjb.net/
or http://www.anadolurock.com/ and a few rock artists at http://www.geocities.com/turkrock/
Turkish Pop music page with some pages about Altin Mikrofon, '60 : http://www.birzamanlar.net
Some Anadolu Pop items are listed at http://www.geocities.com/eskiplaklar/plakkayitlari.html & http://www.geocities.com/eski45/yazilar.html & with other popular names from '60's and '70's : http://www.adamusic.net/kacyilgecti/index.html
Turkish plain Rock groups in '90's : http://www.home.zonnet.nl/gozdenur/
Chords for Turkish folkpop at http://www.geocities.com/mesuts.geo/html4.htm
At which compilations you can find the Turkish garage/beat/early rock tracks released you can find out at
http://www.soybomb.com/garage-comps/index.php?field=Band_Name&country=Turkey
A newsletter about Turkish and Middle Eastern Progressive :
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/middleasternprog/

SOUND SAMPLES AND SHOPS FOR TURKISH MUSIC :

Turkish Anadolu Pop and beyond music for sale "CD Rehberi" http://www.cdrehberi.com/rehber/index.htm (see sections rock, Anadolu Pop, search button) and http://www.kalan.com/ with some reviews of the label at http://www.greenmanreview.com/kalan.html and at my own review pages (at 90's review pages) and http://www.turkishmusic.com/Scripts/Music/
New Fusion for sale at http://www.goldenhorn.com/ & http://www.doublemoon.com.tr/ 
& http://www.acd.org.tr/tc-album.html
New groups for sale from better label : http://www.adamusic.net/
General Turkish Music for sale (with dollars) : http://www.turkishmusic.com/Scripts/Music/
& http://www.turkishmusic.net/Scripts/Home/Default.asp & http://www.ideefixe.com/muzik/
& http://www.musto-gusto.us/ & http://www.tulumba.com/
Another Turkish label with one or two Anadolu Pop items you can find at http://www.emreplak.com.tr/sanatci.htm
Turkish Progressive music for sale at http://www.onstagerecords.com/Turkish_psych/turkish_psychedelic.htm
Turkish Folk for sale at http://www.larkinam.com/MenComNet/Business/...
Turkish ebay : http://www.gittigidiyor.com/ (be careful for bad quality vinyl)

Covers of available music albums : http://muzik.showtvnet.com/muzik/kapak/kapaklistesi.asp
(There used to be a page with sound files too, but I can't find it).
Turkish Music samples : http://www.turk2000.net/ and http://kapsam.cjb.net/ (click music, Turkish music etc..)
Many soundfiles of Turkish pop history at http://www.birzamanlar.net/arsiv/index.html
Chords and some sound files of Turkish Pop at http://eng.turkcemuzik.com/
Audio files Turkish music (for me they don't seem to work ?) at http://abone.turk.net/ersoz/turkuler.html
Sound files of Turkish music (prog files too) at http://onyx.msis.metu.edu.tr/~ali/music/realaudio.html
(Turkish real audio radio stations (various) at http://creatonic.com/tronline/i_real.htm)

The only good shop I know in Belgium that sells Turkish music in Ghent : www.ankamusic.be
next to a music club "muzikantenhuis" that lists Turkish folk, jazz and ethnic music : www.tinivzw.be
A bigger club in GHent that lists Turkish music regularely : http://decentrale.be/

Real shops in Istanbul : The best music shops in Istanbul are at Istiklal Cadessi, famous commercial street near Taksim Square. AFM MUSIC STORE at nº.24/26, MEGAVYZYON at nº.79, MEPHISTO at nº. 197.
Also : Ada Müzik : Ada Müzik IMÇ 5.Blok No: 5469 Unkapani/ISTANBUL
& Double Moon REc. : Oba Sok. No:1/4, Cihangir, 80060, Istanbul

Rock Clubs in Turkey : in Istanbul : Peyote, Crimson Bar, Babylon, Karga Bar, Mojo, Balans, Golgebar, LIne Music Club, Kemanci, Hayal Kahvesi, Roxy, Shaft Cazz & Blues Club, Indigo, Old city, Riddim ; In Ankara: Sakli Kent, Nefes, If, Golge bar, Fikrim Bar

More information will be added all the time. There will come a museum about Progressive Turkish Music in Liège, Belgium in near future. I'll keep you informed about that.

Any remarks, any adds, known links ?  Please E-mail me.
Seperate entries :

Musicians A-K ; Musicians L-Z
There are four big seperate entries
for Cem Karaca and for Erkin Koray and Baris Manço and Edip Akbayram









Except for rocksinger CEM KARACA (with DERVISAN and KARDASLAR)
and ERKIN KORAY and BARIS MANCO,
(with KAFADARLAR-HARMONILER-KAYGISIZLAR, MANCHOMONGOLS, KURTALAN EXPRESS)
and EDIP AKBAYRAM, I have a few more separate Webpages about
mid 60's poppsych : SILUETLER , SELCUK ALAGÖZ ,RANA ALAGÖZ, MAVI ISIKLAR, MAVI COCUKLAR, HARAMILER, KORAY OKTAY
60's punk : TÜNAY AKDENIZ & CIGRISIM, GRUP BUNALIM,
end 60's, early 70's : 3 HÜREL, MOGOLLAR, ERSEN, EROL BÜYÜKBURC, 21.PERON
instrumental a-gogo psych : MUSTAFA ÖZKENT
Anatolian folk-rock : SELDA BAGCAN
progfolk, folkrock, psychfolk : FIKRET KIZILOK, ALPAY, BÜLENT, MAZHAR FUAT (+ IPUCU, MFÖ)
electronic music/keyboard-players : MURAT SES, GOKCEN KAYNATAN, METIN ALATLI
comedy : ÖZTURK SERENGIL
jazz/psych : GENCE 5/10,
Arabesque : ORHAN GENCEBAY
+
GENERAL ALTIN MIKROFON PAGE with Altin Mikrofon 1965 page and Altin Mikrofon 1965 groups,
Altin Mikrofon 1966 page with  Atin Mikrofon 1966 groups, Altin Mikrofon 1967, Altin Mikrofon 1968

MILLIYET SCHOOLBAND CONTEST / RELEASES
With ISTANBUL ERKEK LISESI, ALMAN LISESI, FEN LISESI / IZMIR KOLEJI














best period for this "Anadolu Pop"
(the rock songs were sometimes called "Anadolu Rock" too) was 1968-1977.


Musicians were and are taken seriously in Turkey and do get paid good as well. At first the kitch synthesiser sounds became more common now, and the mainstream pop song had taken over the leading role over the music itself. Musicians who approach a more progressive research in music have had difficulties since the eighties to survive. I'll try to trace all the interesting ones. New progressive groups in Turkey since the nineties you can find on my second entry page : Turkish Progressive Music since the nineties. More and more the Ottoman mix with jazz and electronica and other crossovers wins popularity, also thanks to foreign interest. Let's hope the psych groups will get attention too. Everywhere people seems to be still scared of something that only sounds like "psychedelic" as if it will be about drug adiction and not about a mind & experience expanding thing.

In this first index of pages I would like to collect all important information about Turkish progressive recordings from those first 15 years (1968-1977), with some earlier and later exceptions.

If you have remarks, anything to add, please E-mail me. All information in English, French, German, Dutch, Italian (including extra links in any language) is most welcome. Any help will be credited.

visitors since 2002,July 1st :                                                 updated links at 2003,02,18
        new info added 2005-08-16

I have a radioshow newsletter on -prog/psych, fusion, acid folk, horizon expanding music-  with reviews, playlists, audio links at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/psychevanhetfolk/
A regular subject that returns is of course Turkish & Middle Eastern Crossover Music
For general info on radioshow & webpages please contact Gerald Van Waes

click here for Cem Karaca pages
click here for Erkin Koray pages
click here for Baris Manco pages
PART 1 : 1956-1979 :
INDEX PAGE 1 : INTRODUCTIONS TO ANADOLU POP / ROCK
+ SHOPS + LINKS
PAGE 2 : MUSICIANS A-K ; PAGE 3 : MUSICIANS L-Z
PART 2 : 1995-NOW  :
INDEX PAGE 2: GROUPS FROM NOW : A-Z
REVIEW PAGES A-G ; H-M ; N-Z ; COMPILATIONS


INTRODUCTIONS TO ANADOLU POP (AND ANADOLU ROCK)

PERSONAL INTRODUCTION  :

These pages became a kind of Encyclopedia of Turkish Progressive / psychedelic Music. Thanks to the help of several people through the net these pages became and become more and more interesting. Therefore I would like to thank Erkan Demirel (webmaster of several interesting websites), Gökhan Aya, Ozan Durmus (for his contribution of information, music, photographs & some graphic art), Murat Ses (keyboardplayer, composer from Mogollar), Cem Leftalicioglu (collector of Turkish music), Savas Manço (brother of Baris Manco), Winfried Schlögel (publisher of several Turkish Prog reissues), Sarp Keskiner (for being the in between contact with Ada Music and for the books of Cem and Erkin by Gökhan, for some information), Hakan Tuna (for his remarks), Peter  Holt for editing/ keeping updated the Cem Karaca pages, Marthy J. Coumans for cooperation in the radioshows & some help with the article, information and some scans, Ender Ayanoglu, Aykut Celik for his proposition for promised editing, updating, information in near future, Oguz Hasdogru for the Ersen scans and for collecting important music material, Omur Solendil (Izmir Koleji) and friend Dr.Mehmet Ilker Gelisen for updates, and the Dönüsüm recordings, Üner Altay (DDR) for some contacts to a few new groups.
I hope these pages will give more and more a good overview of the unique blend Turkish progressive music brings to us. I'm very thankful to anyone who can help me building these pages out even more. Most of the music in these pages were or are being played in my radioshow. First big overview was done mostly between September and Oktober 2001. New radioprograms follow from time to time. A first resume of the information on the Web Pages was published in an article in the n°22 edition of the Finnish progressive music magazine Colossus, in Finnish, a second overreview was published in 2 parts in Dutch in the Belgian new music magazine Ruis.

Turkish progressive/psychedelic music mostly blends perfectly traditional (folk) tunes with Western rock instruments. Turkey often worked as a bridge (with Greece as extra doorstep) between the European and Middle Eastern source and influences.
Unique in this blend is a great feeling for rhythm, a rhythm which has for sure also often influences on a kind of playing in the electric bas-line in a way I heard this only with Turkish groups. For me the bass line of Mogollar on Anadolu Pop made me hooked with interest for Turkish music. Collecting Turkish music is not always an easy task. There exist many compilations (many of them are not even official) of mostly singles with very nice songs to Western progressive music standarts. Some of these are combined with more kitchy & less interesting tunes for our common taste. Until recently (2005) it was more or less hard to find reissues of the most interesting items. Perhaps partly thanks to a contribuition of these pages it will change.

GENERAL INTRODUCTIONS :

A good introduction how it all started you can find in the notes of Gökhan Aya : (From the LP : "Turkish Delights")

"As with all countries who had their youth revitalised by 60's beat music, Turkish youth was at the crossroads of some multi-paradoxes: while half the nation listened to strictly Turkish traditional musics, the other half had set their to Shadows, Beatles, Animals and the Rolling Stones along with Mediterranean pop music... while the country they lived in was a Muslim country the daily life was no less modern in practice than, let's say, France... and while the daily life was very modern, the family life was conservative and business ethics ware unfortunately still at the hands of a somewhat oriental capitalism.  This list of contradictions may be continued but there's no need to that: the music will help you out in understanding.
Turkish rock'n'roll scene started as early as 1956 and blossomed by the arrival of Shadows. It is very important to underline the influence of Shadows because the missing essence which held the rock music from being popular in the first years was the problem of language.  As Turkish did not have any roots in relation to English it was really very hard to understand what rock'n'roll was all about.  Shadows served very good as the nation was very used to listen to instrumental music. It also should be noted that 60's marked very rapid changes in Turkey: year by year general level of culture was increasing, by 1961 the most democratic period of country started and by every year, as far music's concerned, record sales were geometrically multiplying.
Shadows reigned heavily until the Beatles came along and that blew up everything ! There was such a blasting of bands that one of the biggest national newspapers called Hürriyet decided to organise a big contest that would help the young amateur bands have their names heard throughout the country.  But, what the contest organisers wanted was interesting: the musicians who wanted to attend the contest had to either compose songs in Turkish or arrange a traditional tune.  Also they had to perform this in a western style with electric western instruments!  The ones who ware finalists ware to perform live In many cities that the newspapers arranged a tour for them. If Altin Mikrofon had not been assembled, we wouldn't likely to be talking about 60's & 70's Turkish rock scene.
In the 60's, the youth especially living in big cities were very receptive to new pop music coming from abroad but understandably they also were far from the social impact that this music brought; or we may say a middle-class minority who knew English and who ware following magazines coming from Europe were aware.  But meanwhile, there also was an unrest amongst young people which translated into a very exciting political climate though not fed by rock music exclusively.
Of all the musical and sub-cultural scenes that happened in 60's, psychedelia was the most effective one in Turkey. It started one year later than USA and Europe but lasted much longer... Psychedelia end underground music brought a new dimension to Turkish listeners; while the rest of the nation were happy with its oriental overtones, the Turkish music fans found that it was what they felt inside really!  So psychedelia influence was at a much different scope than it had on other countries. By 1969 all codes on the birth of a big rock music scene was set and Turkish rock had five more years of kingdom with many sub-types contained within.  After 75-76, it took its toll with changing political, musical and social climates and before 1979 came it was all over..."
.."The recording qualities are quite primitive as studios did not have good recordings equipments until mid 70's.  Also not many bands found the chance of releasing albums: the scene was a 45 RPM singles dominant scene and due to many reasons they are very rare and very hard to find in good condition, therefore cherishing what we already have would be the most logical to do."   Gökhan Aya
Turkish progressive music was influenced by groups like Groups like The Beatles, Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Yes, King Crimson, Pink Floyd because these were also heard in Turkey.
Between 1967 and 1968 Baris Manço, Erkin Koray, Cem Karaca, Mogollar and so on had their first successes with their singles.
Keyboardplayer Murat Ses had launched a new area of music for Turkey by calling this Anadolu Pop. Rockmusicians in Turkey took their own rich folk repertoire as a foundation for their songs. Not many of them reached or even wanted to reach any international acclaim but many recordings did had that quality and possibility to have that reach. It mostly was a kind of neo-folk revivel with only some rock references. Within that approach much good music was recorded.
"A part of the musicians were were mostly into hard rock or blues rock bands like Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, Ten Years After and stuff. For example legend bass guitar players like Taner Ongur (Mogollar, Erkin Koray, Kardaþlar) or Ahmet Guvenç (Barýþ Manco & Kurtalan Ekspres, Erkin Koray). Or guitar players like Erkin, Feridun Hürel, Cahit Kukul (Meteor, Hardal, Erkin Koray) and Cahit Berkay (Mogolar) used to follow that route.
The other clan can be described as "funky" as they have references like Temptations, James Brown, Quincy Jones, Rare Earth, Stevie Wonder and Isaac Hayes. Barýþ Manço and Ersen worked with those people. But Barýs also had a chance of working with the best keyboard players around like Kýlýc Danýsman, Turhan Yukseler and Murat Ses, Those keyboard masters were following people like Jimmy Smith, Big John Patton but also prog bands like ELP, Procol Harum, Yes, King Crimson."    Sarp Keskiner
A resume of the old Finnish article can found here, of the Ruis article can be found here, or in PDF here & here

ALL IMPORTANT MUSICIANS 1965-1978
ARE LISTED AT PAGE 2 : A-K ; OR AT PAGE 3 : L-Z

MUSICIANS 1990-2006
YOU CAN FIND AT THE SECOND ENTRY :
TÜRKISH PROGRESSIVE MUSIC SINCE THE 90'S

You can also go back to the main page